Python Handy notes

print(“Hello, World!”)
x = 5
y = “John”
print(x)
print(y)
x = int(1) # x will be 1
x = float(1) # x will be 1.0
a = “ Hello, World! “
print(a.strip())
print(a[1])
print(a.split(“,”))
print(a.replace(“a”,”b”))
thislist = [“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”]
print(thislist)
print(thislist[1])
thislist.append(“orange”)
thislist.insert(1, “orange”)
thislist.remove(“banana”)
thislist.pop()
del thislist[0]
thislist.clear()
mylist = thislist.copy()
thistuple = (“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”)
print(thistuple)
if “apple” in thistuple:
print(“Yes, ‘apple’ is in the fruits tuple”)
thisset = {“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”}
thisset.add(“orange”)
print(thisset)
thisset.update([“orange”, “mango”, “grapes”])
print(thisset)
thisset.discard(“banana”)
thisdict = {
“brand”: “Ford”,
“model”: “Mustang”,
“year”: 1964
}
print(thisdict)
x = thisdict[“model”]
thisdict[“year”] = 2018
for x in thisdict:
print(x)
for x in thisdict:
print(dict[x])
for x in thisdict.values():
print(x)
for x, y in thisdict.items():
print(x, y)
if “model” in thisdict:
print(“Yes, ‘model’ is one of the keys in the thisdict dictionary”)
thisdict.pop(“model”)
if b > a:
print(“b is greater than a”)
elif a == b:
print(“a and b are equal”)
else:
print(“a is greater than b”)
i = 1
while i < 6:
print(i)
i += 1
for x in range(2, 6):
print(x)
for x in range(2, 30, 3):
print(x)
def my_function():
print(“Hello from a function”)
try:
print(x)
except:
print(“An exception occurred”)
try:
print(x)
except NameError:
print(“Variable x is not defined”)
except:
print(“Something else went wrong”)
f = open(“demofile.txt”)
f = open(“demofile.txt”, “r”)
print(f.read())
print(f.readline())
f.close()
f = open(“demofile2.txt”, “a”)
f.write(“Now the file has more content!”)
f.close()
f = open(“myfile.txt”, “w”) // create new if it doesnt exist
f = open(“myfile.txt”, “x”) //create new
import os
os.remove(“demofile.txt”)

print(“Hello, World!”)

x = 5
y = “John”
print(x)
print(y)

x = int(1) # x will be 1

x = float(1) # x will be 1.0

a = “ Hello, World! “
print(a.strip())

print(a[1])

print(a.split(“,”))

print(a.replace(“a”,”b”))

thislist = [“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”]
print(thislist)
print(thislist[1])

thislist.append(“orange”)

thislist.insert(1, “orange”)

thislist.remove(“banana”)

thislist.pop()

del thislist[0]

thislist.clear()

mylist = thislist.copy()

thistuple = (“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”)
print(thistuple)

if “apple” in thistuple:
print(“Yes, ‘apple’ is in the fruits tuple”)

thisset = {“apple”, “banana”, “cherry”}

thisset.add(“orange”)

print(thisset)

thisset.update([“orange”, “mango”, “grapes”])

print(thisset)

thisset.discard(“banana”)

thisdict = {
“brand”: “Ford”,
“model”: “Mustang”,
“year”: 1964
}
print(thisdict)

x = thisdict[“model”]

thisdict[“year”] = 2018

for x in thisdict:
print(x)

for x in thisdict:
print(dict[x])

for x in thisdict.values():
print(x)

for x, y in thisdict.items():
print(x, y)

if “model” in thisdict:
print(“Yes, ‘model’ is one of the keys in the thisdict dictionary”)

thisdict.pop(“model”)

if b > a:
print(“b is greater than a”)

elif a == b:
print(“a and b are equal”)

else:
print(“a is greater than b”)

i = 1
while i < 6:
print(i)
i += 1

for x in range(2, 6):
print(x)

for x in range(2, 30, 3):
print(x)

def my_function():
print(“Hello from a function”)

try:
print(x)
except:
print(“An exception occurred”)

try:
print(x)
except NameError:
print(“Variable x is not defined”)
except:
print(“Something else went wrong”)

f = open(“demofile.txt”)

f = open(“demofile.txt”, “r”)
print(f.read())

print(f.readline())

f.close()

f = open(“demofile2.txt”, “a”)
f.write(“Now the file has more content!”)
f.close()

f = open(“myfile.txt”, “w”) // create new if it doesnt exist

f = open(“myfile.txt”, “x”) //create new

import os
os.remove(“demofile.txt”)